CBD vs THC Overview

Cannabidiol (CBD) versus Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).  Are CBD and THC rivals?  Or might they be two cannabinoid peas in a cannabis pod?  We will explore the differences and similarities of the cannabinoids, CBD and THC.

CBD and THC are the most commonly known compounds within the cannabis plant and they are found in the crystals that cover the flower.

CBD and THC assist with pain management, sleep, immune system function, and stress reduction.

How CBD and THC Works with Our Body

A complex system of receptors all over the body, mainly located in the brain and digestive system.  A receptor is basically a sensory nerve that receives and transmits signals from chemical messengers.

CBD and THC are two chemical messengers that imitate our own body’s cannabinoids, directly and indirectly attaching to receptors that are responsible for regulating pain, sleep, digestion, mood, inflammation, and immune function.

Unique Health Benefits and Side Effects


CBD is considered non-euphoric.  There is no intoxication like with THC.

In fact, CBD can minimize the intoxication and sedation of THC while increasing the effectiveness of the relief of pain, nausea, vomiting, and anti-cancer effects.

In addition, CBD may provide relief from Alzheimer’s, traumatic brain injury, diabetes, autism, epilepsy, Crohn’s, PTSD, and acne.


THC is the cannabinoid that gives a euphoric sensation.  THC may be helpful to relieve pain, muscle spasms, pressure in the eye, induce sleep, stimulate appetite, and reduce nausea.

THC may also provide therapeutic benefits for arthritis, migraines, Alzheimer’s, Crohn’s, glaucoma, PTSD, MS, and sleep apnea.


A major difference between CBD and THC is that the strains of cannabis that are naturally high in THC and low in CBD are Sativa and Indica.  Hemp, on the other hand, is the cannabis strain that is naturally high in CBD and low in THC, <0.3%.

In December 2018, President Trump signed the Farm Bill Act into law.  The Farm Bill removed Hemp from the Schedule 1 Controlled Substance Category and made it federally legal.

THC remains a Schedule 1 drug; therefore, it is federally illegal. The government defines Schedule 1 as having no medical benefit in treatment, a lack of accepted safety under medical supervision, and has high potential for abuse and dependency.

Now, there is legislation, the MORE Act, to remove cannabis from the Controlled Substance, Schedule 1 Category.  Strong evidence indicates that cannabis has therapeutic benefits.

Dr. Ethan Russo of the Cannabis Research Institute is quoted as saying, “Cannabis is the single most versatile herbal remedy, and the most useful plant on Earth.  No other plant contains as wide a range of medically active herbal constituents.”

Working Together

CBD and THC and all of the plant’s compounds are most effective when working together.  Look for “full spectrum” or “whole plant” for optimal therapeutic effects.

CBD and THC are two specific cannabinoids found in the cannabis flower that have different effects on our body.  Each has the potential to help with a wide range of illnesses.

The major differences are the legality of CBD and intoxication of THC.