So many of our patients have been asking, what are terpenes? What’s a terpenoid? Where do they come from? What are they good for? Well, we have some answers for you.
Over 100 terpenes have been discovered. Terpenes are the aromatic oils secreted from the tiny sticky resin glands known as trichomes. They are fragrant essential oils found in differing concentrations in different
cannabis strains. These aromatic oils provide cannabis varieties with distinctive aromas and flavors such as berry, pine, pineapple, and diesel.
Terpenes are not exclusive to cannabis. All plants , all over the world have terpenes! There is some evidence suggesting that they are adaptive for the plant. They help plants to repel predators and lure pollinators. They protect the plant from bacteria fungus, insects, and other environmental stressors.
There are many factors that influence the production and development. Soil, age and maturation, fertilizer used, climate, weather, and time of day can all play a role.
What is fascinating about them is the way they interact synergistically with other compounds in the plant. This is referred to as the “Entourage Effect”.
Various strains have unique and diverse compositions. It’s this unique combination that display distinct effects in strains of cannabis. You can think of terpenes as the personality of the plant.
Research indicates that they may be helpful as an anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, anti-anxiety, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory and more.
Finally, what’s the difference between terpene and terpenoid?
Molecularly they are different. However, the terms are increasingly being used interchangeably. Terpenes are hydrocarbons. Terpenoids have been oxidized and are therefore altered through drying or curing. Terpenes are wet and terpenoids are dried.
Check out this article on medicinal and therapeutic uses :https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7120914/
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